Georgian Sparkling Wine

Exploring The Evolution And Popularity Of Georgian Sparkling Wines
Cover image © Bagrationi 1882

Georgian sparkling wine, with its roots deep in the country's 8,000-year-old winemaking history, has been gaining global recognition. This article delves into the evolution, production methods, and growing popularity of Georgian sparkling wines, including the traditional 'Kvevri' method and the contributions of notable wineries like Château Mukhrani, Bagrationi 1882, and others. It also explores the resurgence of ancient varieties and the emerging trend of Pet-Nats in Georgia's wine industry.

Deep Historical Roots And Modern Evolutions

Georgia's winemaking tradition, stretching back 8,000 years, is a cornerstone of its national identity. This rich history includes the ancient 'Kvevri' method, recognized by UNESCO, signifying Georgia's deep-rooted wine culture. Château Mukhrani, established in 1878 by Georgian royalty, exemplifies this blend of tradition and modernity. The winery, revitalizing since 2002, emphasizes rapid grape processing to ensure uniqueness and quality in their wines.

In a significant expansion, Château Mukhrani is set to invest a substantial amount in business growth, including the acquisition of a sizeable land parcel. This expansion marks a notable step in enhancing Georgian wine's global presence.

International Recognition And Unique Production Methods

Georgian wines, including sparkling varieties, have been acclaimed in renowned publications. For instance, OKRO’S WINES MTSVANE PET-NAT was listed among the top 10 Pét-Nat (natural sparkling wines) by Esquire. Pétillant-naturel represents a broad category of sparkling wines made through the 'methode ancestrale,' highlighting a raw and whimsical aspect of winemaking. This method, praised for its unpredictability and playfulness, encapsulates the unique charm of Georgian sparkling wines.

The Soviet Era Legacy And Bagrationi 1882'S Innovations

Georgia's sparkling wine production saw a significant boost during the Soviet era, with the establishment of the “Tbilisi Factory of Champagne.” Now known as “Bagrationi 1882,” this factory was a hub for experimentation and large-scale production, using both local and foreign grape varieties. The Charmat method, used for mass production, and traditional methods for boutique wines, played crucial roles in elevating Georgian sparkling wine. Bagrationi 1882, focusing on traditional varieties, aims to double its production, emphasizing the importance of regional characteristics and historical methods.

Bagrationi 1882 Official Website

Resurgence Of Ancient Varieties And The Role Of Small Wineries

The Georgian wine industry is witnessing a revival of ancient grape varieties, crucial for crafting distinct sparkling wines. Small wineries play a pivotal role in this revival, with their flexibility allowing for experimentation and innovation. These efforts are exemplified by wineries like “Chateau Ateni,” which focuses on the Atenuri variety, a historical sparkling wine with roots in the 11th century. Similarly, “Badagoni,” another significant player, has been exploring various grape potentials since 2014, adding to the diversity of Georgian sparkling wines.

The Rise Of Pet-Nats And Future Directions

Pet-Nats, an emerging trend in the wine world, have found a unique place in Georgia. With their affordability and diverse grape variety potential, they offer an exciting avenue for Georgian winemakers. Wineries like Dakishvili are leading this trend, emphasizing the importance of quality grapes and controlled fermentation. The increasing demand for Pet-Nats, both locally and internationally, indicates a growing interest in Georgian sparkling wines.

To further this momentum, it's crucial for Georgian wineries to focus on consumer education, emphasizing sparkling wine's versatility beyond celebratory occasions. With a rich heritage, diverse grape varieties, and a commitment to quality, Georgia's sparkling wine industry is poised for continued growth and global recognition.


Georgian sparkling wine, rooted in ancient traditions yet embracing modern techniques and trends, is making a mark on the global wine scene. From the historical significance of the 'Kvevri' method to the innovative approaches of contemporary wineries, Georgia's sparkling wines embody a unique fusion of history and innovation. As the industry continues to evolve, it stands as a testament to Georgia's enduring legacy in the world of winemaking.

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