Georgian Mineral Water Brands

Discover The Essence And Benefits Of Georgia's Finest Waters

Nestled in the heart of the Caucasus, Georgia is a land steeped in natural wonders, particularly its mineral springs and thermal baths. The very name of its capital, Tbilisi, pays tribute to these natural resources, meaning “hot place” in reference to the sulfurous waters flowing beneath its streets and fueling the historic Abanotubani baths. With over 730 mineral water springs mapped across the country, Georgia boasts a rich diversity in this natural bounty. These springs, each with their unique qualities, contribute to one of Georgia's key exports: bottled mineral water. Ranging from carbonated to non-carbonated, these waters are not only a staple of Georgian culture but are also cherished for their health benefits. Here, we delve into the most renowned Georgian mineral waters, exploring their distinct characteristics and the traditions they embody.

Nabeghlavi Mineral Water: A Fusion Of Tradition And Science

Nabeghlavi, a flagship brand of the Georgian-Swiss holding Margebeli, stands out for its resurgence under Healthy Water's management since 1997. Initially discovered in 1905 in Guria, the spring caught attention due to its unique taste and therapeutic qualities. Robert Kuptsis' analysis in 1921 laid the foundation for its chemical understanding, emphasizing the water's calcium, sodium bicarbonate, and carbon dioxide content.

Bottles of Nabeghlavi Mineral Water
Nabeghlavi Mineral Water: Refreshment Sourced from the Green Heart of Georgia

Key Numbers

Nabeghlavi has received investments surpassing 43 million lari, enhancing its production and distribution. Today, it's exported globally, including to Europe, Israel, Russia, the USA, Turkey, and the CIS countries.

Chemical Composition

Nabeghlavi water originates from a depth of 2000 to 3000 meters, acquiring a unique mineral blend. It is naturally carbonated and further enriched with CO2 before bottling. Its composition includes:

— Total dissolved solids: 3.5 – 5.9 g/l
— Cations (mg/l): Ca2+ (32-116), Mg2+ (34-120), Na+ + K+ (690-1270)
— Anions (mg/l): HCO3- (2400-4400), Cl- (37-95), SO4 (53-244)
— Specific components (mg/l): H2SiO3 (55-90), H3BO3 (>35)

Borjomi: The Timeless Elixir Of The Caucasus

Borjomi, revered as "the Caucasian Vichy," is a unique natural carbonated mineral water, similar in composition and therapeutic characteristics to the French Vichy. Known since the early 1800s for its healthful effects, Borjomi's composition has remained unchanged since 1830. The springs of the Borjomi Valley, nestled in the Borjomi Kharagauli National Park, contribute to its unique properties, making it a popular choice for wellness and recreation.

Bottles of Borjomi Mineral Water
Borjomi Mineral Water: Celebrating 130 Years of Georgian Heritage
Image courtesy: Borjomi

Key Numbers

Borjomi's production reached 200 million bottles in 2005, and it is exported to 40 countries worldwide. After a varied history, including nationalization during the Soviet era, part of the company was recovered by the Georgian government in 2022.

Chemical Composition

Borjomi's balanced mineral composition, enriched by the volcanic origins of the Borjomi Gorge, includes:

— Calcium: 60 mg/l
— Magnesium: 50 mg/l
— Potassium: 30 mg/l
— Sodium: 1550 mg/l
— Hydrocarbonates: 3900 mg/l
— Chlorides: 380 mg/l
— Sulfates: <50 mg/l
— Barium: <1.0 mg/l
— pH: 6.5
— Total Dissolved Solids (TDS): 3.905 mg/l

Regular consumption of Borjomi helps in normalizing the body's pH level and supports digestive and metabolic health.

Sairme: The Healing Waters Of The Meskheti Range

Sairme, a naturally carbonated mineral water, originates from the springs in the Sairme balneological resort area in the Imereti region of Georgia. Discovered in the 1890s, this water has been a part of local lore and healing practices for centuries. The resort, at an elevation of 915 meters, is situated in a gorge cut by the Tsablaristskali River, providing a unique microclimate beneficial for health and relaxation. Sairme has been scientifically analyzed since 1912 and is used for both drinking and bottling.

Bottles of Sairme Mineral Water
Sairme Mineral Water: From the Heart of Georgian Springs to You
Image courtesy: Sairme

Key Numbers

As of 2021, Sairme Mineral Waters' annual financial statement reported an income of GEL 10.7 million with a net profit of GEL 388 thousand, and assets totaling GEL 8.5 million. The brand, following privatization and modernization since 1998, has undergone significant changes, including the installation of automated manufacturing facilities and an updated laboratory for water quality testing​​.

Chemical Composition

Sairme water boasts a rich mineral content, varying in mineralization from 1.6 g/L to 9.5 g/L. It's particularly noted for its calcium bicarbonate content, known for strengthening the skeletal system and aiding in the reduction of inflammation. The carbonated mineral water is also used for restoring liver, urinary tract, kidney, and gastrointestinal functions and promoting the breakdown of harmful metabolic substances​.

Likani: A Refreshing Essence From The Borjomi Valley

Likani mineral water, sourced from the western part of the town of Borjomi, is renowned for its unique mineral-ionic complex. This water, emerging from a depth of 1500 meters and enriched with living minerals and gas, features a harmonious blend of hydrocarbons, magnesium, and calcium, offering a light and smooth taste due to its natural carbonation.

Likani Mineral Water Packaging Variants
Likani Mineral Water: Shared Moments of Hydration and Delight
Image courtesy: Likani

Key Numbers

Detailed business figures and production volumes for Likani are not readily available.

Chemical Composition

— Calcium (Ca²⁺): 40-100 mg/L
— Magnesium (Mg²⁺): 30-80 mg/L
— Potassium (K⁺): 15-50 mg/L
— Sodium (Na⁺): 1000-1700 mg/L
— Bicarbonate (HCO₃⁻): 3000-4500 mg/L
— Chloride (Cl⁻): 150-400 mg/L
— Sulfate (SO₄²⁻): less than 50 mg/L
— Fluoride (F⁻): less than 10 mg/L

This composition reflects a water with a relatively high mineral content, particularly in sodium and bicarbonate ions.

Sno: The Pristine Waters Of The Greater Caucasus

Sno mineral water, sourced from the pristine valleys of the Greater Caucasus, is celebrated for its unique and refreshing mineral composition. Produced by Aqua Geo since 2009, the company has been dedicated to popularizing this Georgian treasure both domestically and internationally. The water is extracted from an underground reservoir in the Mukhrani Valley, adhering to Georgian and European standards.

Sno Mineral Water Bottle
Sno Mineral Water: A Taste of the Georgian Mountains.
Image courtesy: Sno Waters

Key Numbers

Specific financial or production data for Sno mineral water is not readily available. However, the brand, under the management of Aqua Geo, has set ambitious goals to make Georgia known worldwide through its unique water​​.

Chemical Composition

The water, celebrated for its freshness and taste, is born in the mountains and undergoes a natural filtration process before being bottled.

Chemical Composition (mg/dm³):

— Ca2+ (43-65),
— Mg2+ (6-10),
— Na+ (<15),
— K+ (0.7-1.2),
— HCO3- (150-220),
— Cl- (<15),
— SO4 2- (16-25).

Kobi: The Sparkling Jewel Of The Caucasus

Kobi, a sparkling mineral water from the high altitudes of the Caucasus Mountains in the Kazbegi region, is produced by Aqua Geo. Founded in 2009, Aqua Geo aimed to popularize this unique Georgian water both domestically and internationally. The water, known for its unique taste and beneficial mineral composition, was developed by Italian technologist Alessandro Covelli and started production in 2018. Kobi's springs are situated at 2000 meters above sea level in the village of Kobi.

Kobi Mineral Water - an oasis of purity
Kobi Mineral Water: Nestled amidst towering Kazbegi peaks, the essence of the mountains is captured in every bottle of this pristine natural spring water.
Image courtesy: Kobi Mineral Water

Key Numbers

While specific production and export figures for Kobi are not available, the brand's ambition to make Georgia known worldwide through its product is a testament to its growing significance in the mineral water market.

Chemical Composition

Kobi's distinctive composition includes a variety of beneficial minerals. The carbonation process, which enhances the drinking experience, is a key feature of Kobi.

Main Composition (mg/L):


— Calcium: 150-250,
— Magnesium: 20-50,
— Sodium: 130-200,
— Potassium: 3-50.


— bicarbonates: 750-1300,
— chlorides: 110-205,
— sulfates: 5-25.

Bakhmaro: A Pure Essence From The Chokhatauri Mountains

Bakhmaro's water, sourced from the pristine Chokhatauri district in Guria region of Georgia, is valued for its low mineralization and exceptional purity, reflecting the untouched nature of its mountainous origins.

Bakhmaro Mineral Water Bottle
Bakhmaro Water: Nature's Purity in Every Sip, Nestled in Georgia's Lush Landscapes
Image courtesy: Bakhmaro Water

Key Numbers

Detailed business metrics for Bakhmaro are not publicly available, highlighting its specialized position in the mineral water market.

Chemical Composition

— Fluorides: <0.4 mg/L
— Dissolved Solids: 0.07 - 0.15 g/L

— Calcium (Ca²⁺): 7.0 - 20.0 mg/L
— Magnesium (Mg²⁺): 2.0 - 6.0 mg/L
— Sodium (Na⁺): 1.5 - 8.0 mg/L

— Hydrocarbonates (HCO₃⁻): 42.0 - 70.0 mg/L
— Sulfates (SO₄²⁻): 0.8 - 4.0 mg/L
— Chlorides (Cl⁻): 0.6 - 8.0 mg/L

This composition suggests that Bakhmaro water is suitable for daily hydration, with a mineral profile that supports a balanced diet.

Bakuriani: Nourishing Water For An Active Lifestyle

Bakuriani, sourced from the pristine Bakuriani mountains, is a natural mineral spring water, celebrated for its clear, icy waters and the special ecosystem it originates from. It's produced by IDS Borjomi Georgia, a leader in the Georgian mineral water market and part of IDS Borjomi International, one of the largest producers in the CIS and Baltic regions.

Bakuriani Mineral Water Bottle
Bakuriani Mineral Water: Vibrancy and Vitality Flowing from Georgia's Forest Springs.
Image courtesy: Bakuriani

Key Numbers

IDS Borjomi Georgia leads the bottled mineral water segment in production rate, signifying Bakuriani's significant market presence.

Chemical Composition

Bakuriani is characterized by its low mineral content, ideal for restoring the body's water balance. Its composition includes:

— Calcium: 25-80 mg/l
— Magnesium: <20 mg/l
— Sodium: <20 mg/l
— Hydrocarbon: 150-300 mg/l
— Chlorides: <20 mg/l
— Sulphates: <50 mg/l
— Total Mineral Content: 0.20-0.5 g/l (pH-6.0-8.0)

Bakuriani's unique composition makes it a top choice for those leading an active lifestyle, aiding in maintaining youth and beauty.

Gudauri: Nature's Purity In A Bottle

Gudauri Water is a relatively new entrant in the bottled water market, with ambitions to expand its presence in the Russian and Arab markets. Sourced directly from artesian wells in pristine mountain regions, this natural mineral water undergoes a unique 40 km natural filtration journey through the earth, ensuring its unparalleled purity and mineral composition. The water is collected and bottled at the source in a sterilized environment, ensuring that the water remains untouched by human processes, thereby preserving its natural state. This method of sourcing and packaging not only maintains the original microbiological purity and chemical composition of the water but also contributes to its distinct taste and health benefits.

Gudauri Mineral Water Bottles
Water Gudauri: Purity in Every Size, Fresh from the Georgian High Alps.
Image courtesy: Water Gudauri

Key Numbers

  • Filtration Journey: 40 km of natural underground filtration
  • Bottling: Directly at the source in a sterilized facility
  • Market Focus: Major sales in Europe, with expansion plans for Russian and Arab markets

Chemical Composition

— Odor: Points <2
— Taste: Points <2
— Color: Degree <15
— Turbidity: FTU <0.1
— Sulfate: 22 mg/L
— Chloride: 12.1 mg/L
— TPH: <0.04
— Hardness: 4.39 mg-eq/L
— Calcium: 68 mg/L
— Magnesium: 12 mg/L
— Sodium: 13.3 mg/L
— Potassium: 0.99 mg/L
— Zinc: <0.003 mg/L
— Iron: <0.02 mg/L
— pH: 7.75
— Permanganate Oxidation: 0.48 mg O2/L
— Mineralization: 394.5 mg/L
— Barium: <0.1 mg/L (Total)
— Boron: <0.5 mg/L (Total)

Zekari Mineral Water

Zekari is a mineral water brand sourced from the Zekari Pass in southern Imereti, Georgia. The pass is located at an altitude of 2,182 meters above sea level in the gorge of the Khanistskali River. This area is also where the Kershaveti River originates, near the seaside resort of Zekari. The sulfur waters of this region, known for their therapeutic qualities, are commonly used in treating rheumatic and neurological diseases.

Bottles of Zekari Mineral Water
Zekari Water: Drawn from the Healing Sulfur Springs of Zekari Pass in the Imereti Region.
Image courtesy: Zekari

Chemical Composition

Zekari mineral water is noted for its sulfur content and has a total mineralization of 2.0 to 2.2 g/l. This composition includes minerals such as calcium, magnesium, and potassium.

Nakaduli Natural Spring Water

Nakaduli is a naturally occurring still spring water extracted from the alpine region of Sairme in Western Georgia's Imereti region. It is sourced from an altitude of 2000 meters in the environmentally pristine crevices of the Tsablaristskali river valley and is filtered through the many layers of rock of the Sairme mountains. Nakaduli is lauded for its microbiologically pure composition, providing a daily source of hydration without restrictions. It is also recommended for babies and food preparation due to its low mineralization and mild flavor.

Nakaduli Mineral Water
Nakaduli Mineral Water: Immersed in Purity, Refreshing Georgia's Spirit
Image courtesy: Sairme Mineral Waters Ltd.

Key Numbers

  • Source Altitude: 2000 meters above sea level.
  • Total Hardness: Less than 2 milliequivalents per liter.
  • Mineralization: 0.13-0.24 grams per liter.

Chemical Composition

— Calcium: 15-40 mg/L
— Sodium: 15 mg/L
— Magnesium: 15 mg/L

Bottled at the source, Nakaduli water is recognized for its uniquely balanced composition, comprising natural minerals that contribute to its exceptional taste.

Lugela Mineral Water

Lugela is a mineral water sourced from the gorge of the Khobistskali River in the upper part of the Samegrelo range, situated at 560 meters above sea level near the village of Mukhuri, Chkhorotsku District. It's noted for its therapeutic qualities, especially in treating skeletal and joint diseases, allergies, stomatitis, and other conditions. The water is transparent, odorless, with a slightly hot taste, and due to its high mineralization, it preserves well without the need for added carbon dioxide and does not freeze up to -25 degrees Celsius​​​​​​.

Key numbers:

— Calcium Content: Lugela's water contains 99.5% calcium, beneficial for children and contributing to its — therapeutic properties​​.
— Chloride and Calcium Concentration: The water has a high concentration of chloride and calcium, reaching 9.5%​​.
— Elevation: The springs are located at an elevation of 560 meters above sea level​​.
— Distance from Mukhuri: The springs are situated approximately 4 kilometers from the village of Mukhuri, within a famous resort area​​.

Lugela Mineral Water
Lugela Water: A Droplet of Georgia's Natural Wealth in Every Spoonful
Image courtesy: Lugela

Chemical Composition

The primary components of Lugela water are calcium chloride, with high levels of minerals. This unique chemical composition contributes to its noted health benefits, including being prescribed as a natural remedy for allergies, tuberculosis, pleurisy, and various other health conditions​​.

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