Dzalisi Archaeological Site

In the heart of Georgia lies a fascinating glimpse into the ancient world: the Dzalisi Archaeological Site. Located in the village of Dzalisi, 50 km (31 miles) northwest of Tbilisi and 20 km (12.4 miles) northwest of Mtskheta, this historical site unravels the mysteries of Georgian antiquity.

The site was inhabited between the 2nd century BCE and the 8th century CE, with its peak being the 1st to 3rd centuries CE. Archaeologists unearthed a myriad of structures, from an imposing palace and a temple to public baths and a swimming pool. A stand-out discovery is the temple's ceremonial entrance, adorned with a vivid twelve-colour mosaic dating back to the 2nd century. This exquisite floor design depicts the Greek gods Dionysus and Ariadne, epitomizing the artistic grandeur of the era.

Spanning over 2,500 square metres (approximately 26,910 square feet), the palace at the Dzalisi site is the largest ever discovered in Georgia. Its architecture showcases a blend of grandeur and functionality, with an internal yard featuring fountains and an atrium.

Beneath the grand structures of Dzalisi lies a sophisticated network of technology ahead of its time. Each sleeping chamber had a dedicated plumbing and water supply system, and a central hypocaust heating system was used to distribute hot air throughout the palace.

Alongside the palace are the remains of public baths, an administrative structure, and a swimming pool, providing a unique snapshot into the leisurely pursuits of ancient society. The apsidal structure to the south of the palace, likely served administrative purposes.

The Dzalisi Archaeological Site is a testament to the rich and complex history of Georgia. It encapsulates a society that was both sophisticated and culturally rich, offering a window into a period of Georgia's past that is often overlooked. Visitors will be left with a lasting impression of the ingenuity and artistic prowess of Georgia's ancestors, making it a must-visit destination for anyone interested in history and archaeology.

Nearest to Dzalisi Archaeological Site

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